You are visiting a Virtual Museum that honors all
Native American cultures and traditions

Location: The Internet

The Museum's mission is to advance and share the experience and knowledge of what has happened in the past and what this has meant for Native peoples today; to preserve the memory of those who died or suffered; to offer comfort, support, encouragement and understanding; and to encourage its visitors to reflect upon the need for dignity of, and respect among all peoples.

You are invited to explore this Virtual Museum at your leisure and visit us frequently.


Exhibit A:

1. In the Name of the Father, Stanford Magazine, May/June 2005

2. The Way to Independence: Memories of a Hidatsa Indian Family, 1840-1920, Carolyn Gilman et al, Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1987

3. Garrison Dam Construction Photograph Collection, Institute for Regional Studies, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota

4. Hidatsa, Mandan, Arikara Earth Lodges,

5. Garrison Dam, 19 Ecology L. Q. 547

6. N.D. tribes still feel effects of dam project, June 10, 2003,

7. N.D. tribe asks Congress to fulfill 50-year-old promise, June 13, 2003,

8. Fredericks v. Mandel, 650 F.2d 144 (1981)

9. Tribes as Rich Nations, Raymond Cross, 79 Or. L. Rev. 893 (2000)

10. The Power Structure of the Three Affiliated Tribes, Rebecca Anne Birdsbill Ford, University of New Mexico


Biographical Dictionary of the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara, Michael W. Stevens, Fort Berthold Library, New Town, North Dakota


Knife Clan

Exhibit C:

Mandaree Elementary, Junior High and High Schools, Team Name: Warriors

Exhibit D:

Phillips Exeter Academy, Exeter, New Hampshire, 1967

Exhibit E: Upward Bound, Sault St. Marie, Michigan

Exhibit F: Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire November 14, 1971 New York Times Article, An Indian Affair, re Duane T. Bird Bear, Howard Bad Hand, Rick Buckanaga and Travis Kinsley

The “Big Green” Nickname Dartmouth College Renews Promise to American Indians, 1/15/1992

Native American Program at Dartmouth

The Dartmouth Review

The Dartmouth Review (Google Search Indian Mascot)

Identity Crisis, 10/23/1996 The Indians Long History, 10/23/1996 The Indian and the Rock, 11/17/1998 The Banning of the Indian, 12/16/1998 ‘Scalp ‘Em’: Another Perspective, 4/30/2001

Scalping Racism, Problems of Consent and Caricature, Michelle J. Chui, Dartmouth Free Press

Alumni Gathering, 2000

Keggy the Keg, Dartmouth Mascot

I Can Finally End My Hunger Strike, 5/12/2003

Dartmouth Indians: The New Tradition, 9/30/2003

President James Wright Speech, May 19, 2006, on President Dickey, supporter of Native American Program

A show of respect urged at Dartmouth, Native Americans allege campus racism, Boston Globe, November 23, 2006

Dartmouth Apologizes for Indian Incidents, November 27, 2006

Dartmouth Review, November 28, 2006, Can Dartmouth Stand for Racism?, NADs on the Warpath, A True History of the Hovey Murals, “Indigenous Peoples” Cause Outrage

Dartmouth Review, December 2, 2006, Explanation of Dartmouth Review Cover, November 28, 2006

Dartmouth paper’s cover of Indian scalp was a mistake, 12/6/2006, AP

The Dartmouth Review Store, 2008, ‘Indian’ Merchandise

Exhibit G: A Better Chance, White River Junction, New Hampshire; Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire; Kimball Union Academy, Meriden, New Hampshire (New York Times article re Duane Bird Bear successfully requesting Indian student participation, August 11, 1969, Open-Door Policy for Students)

Exhibit H: Poor People’s Campaign, Washington, DC, May 1968; Black, Brown and Poor: Martin Luther King, Jr., The Poor People’s Campaign and Its Legacies, Mantler, Gordon Keith, Department of History, Duke University, 2008 Dissertation, pp., 112-113, 229-268; Congressman Carl Albert (D), Oklahoma, File 30, 1968

Exhibit I-1:

Bureau of Indian Affairs Demonstration, Littleton, CO, Discrimination against American Indians in Hiring, Training, Promotions

Bias Against Indians Charge Names BIA, Denver Post, March 12, 1970

Indian leader charges BIA is discriminatory, Rocky Mountain News, March 14, 1970

Indians Protest at Littleton BIA Office, Denver Post, March 17, 1970

Bias probe of Littleton Indian Bureau, Rocky Mountain News, March 19, 1970

Indians ‘hold fort’ at Littleton office, Littleton Independent, March 19, 1970

Indians Continue BIA Center Lockdown, Denver Post, March 20, 1970

U.S. official unsure about Indian sit-in, Rocky Mountain News, March 20, 1970

We’ll stay forever, if necessary, Rocky Mountain News, March 21, 1970

Indian protesters get mixed victory, Rocky Mountain News, March 22, 1970

3 Officials of BIA Suspended, Denver Post, March 22, 1970

Bureau Chief ‘Aware’ of Bias, Denver Post, March 22, 1970

Indians Waited, Listened, Denver Post, March 22, 1970

Nine Indians Plead Innocent, Released, Denver Post, March 23, 1970

Indians stage peaceful demonstration in Littleton; Indian group again pickets BIA office, Rocky Mountain News, March 23, 1970

Peacepipe urged on BIA warpath, Rocky Mountain News, March 25, 1970

Indians point is made, BIA appointee says, Denver Post, March 25, 1970

Sparks fly as Indians confront official, Rocky Mountain News, April 7, 1970

BIA Official, Indians Review Problems, Denver Post, April 7, 1970

Indians Find Protests Bring Results, Washington Post, April 19, 1970

9 Indians acquitted in sit-in case, Rocky Mountain News, June 24, 1970

Trespassers Placed on Probation, Denver Post, July 30, 1970

Pickets allege job bias at Bureau of Indian Affairs, Rocky Mountain News, February 3, 1971

Indian Marchers Berate BIA, Denver Post, February 3, 1971

Indian employee of BIA files suit against Interior, Rocky Mountain News, February 6, 1971

Court Orders BIA Sweep, Denver Post, December, 24, 1972

Court Ruling Aids Indians, Denver Post, June 18, 1974

Indian Job Preference Within BIA Defended, Denver Post, June 18, 1974

Freeman v. Morton, 499 F.2d 494 (D.C.Cir. 1974)

Indian Voices The First Convocation of American Indian Scholars

Exhibit I-2: Crossroads of Indian Country Dissertation, Native American Community in Denver, 1950--2005 by Ono, Azusa

Exhibit J: Office of Economic Opportunity, New Town, North Dakota

Exhibit_K: Macalester College, St. Paul, Minnesota

Exhibit L-1: Annual Report of the United Scholarship Service, 1969

Exhibit L-2: Robert F. Kennedy Fellow

Exhibit M: American Indian Law Center Pre-Law Summer Institute, University of New Mexico Law School, Albuquerque, New Mexico; Article on Mineral Resource Development on Tribal Land

Exhibit N: University of Denver Law School Tribal Jurisdiction over Non-Indians, National American Indian Court Judges Association Long Range Planning Study

Exhibit O: University of New Mexico Law School Jeff Taylor, Duane T. Bird Bear, State Jurisdiction to Adjudicate Indian Reserved Water Rights, Natural Resources Journal 18: 221-235; Cites of article.

Exhibit P:

1. Model Tribal Environmental Code, Duane T. Bird Bear, John Echo Hawk

Exhibit Q: Numerous book references.

Exhibit R: Bureau of Indian Affairs: Agency Superintendent for five BIA agencies: Eastern Navajo, Crown Point, NM; Northern Cheyenne, Rocky Boy and Crow Agency, Montana; and the Spokane Agency in Washington. Division Chief for Tribal Services at the BIA headquarters in Washington, DC. BIA, Crow Agency

Certificate of Degree of Indian or Alaska Native Blood, April 18, 2000

Indian Preference for Employment in the BIA and the Indian Health Service, March 22, 2002; February 18, 2003

White Bison Speaks, Duane Bird Bear represented BIA Division of Tribal Government, April 12, 2003

Coyote Valley Reservation of California Liquor Control Ordinance, May 10, 2004

Tribal Leaders Directory 2005, Agency Superintendent, Crownpoint

Intertribal Monitoring Association of Indian Trust Funds, June 9-10, 2005

Mariano Lake Celebrates Signing of Treaty of 1868, Proclamation Issued by BIA Supervisor, Duane Bird Bear

Eastern Navajo Agency Roads Committee, April 14, 2007, A Moment of Silence

Exhibit S: Los Lunas Community College, Indian Gaming Class

Navajo Technical College, Art Class, Spring 2008

Exhibit T: Obituary


Copyright 2009 Aaron Bird Bear and Carol Harvey

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