Author: Roberta Carol Harvey

In 1998, Colorado state lawmakers mandated that American Indian history and culture be included in the curriculum of high schools in Colorado, based on the persistent efforts of Comanche State Senator Suzanne Williams. In 2003, they broadened the law mandating that in order to graduate students must satisfactorily complete a civil

government course which includes the history, culture and social contributions of American Indians and other groups.

Yet tens of thousands of students graduate each year in the state without learning any of the information that is mandated in that single state graduation requirement.

This book on Colorado’s American Indian leaders is to help fulfill this requirement.

CHAPTER 1: Hon. U.S. Senator Ben Nighthorse Campbell, Northern Cheyenne, Bulwark of Devotion to American Indians: United States Congressman 1987–1993,

United States Senator 1993–2005

CHAPTER 2: Hon. Melvin Baker, Southern Ute Indian Tribe Chairman

CHAPTER 3: Hon. Manuel Heart, Ute Mountain Ute Tribe Chairman

CHAPTER 4: John Echohawk, Pawnee, Executive Director of the Native American Rights Fund

CHAPTER 5: Hon. Colorado State Senator Suzanne Williams Is Still a Fierce and Creative Advocate for American Indians, Comanche

CHAPTER 6: Littleton Twelve Win Lawsuit that Preference Be Afforded Qualified

American Indian Candidates by Bureau of Indian Affairs in Initial Hirings,

Promotions, Lateral Transfers and Reassignments

CHAPTER 7: John Emhoolah, Jr., Kiowa/Arapaho

CHAPTER 8: Adrianne Maddux, Denver Indian Health and Family Services, Inc., Executive Director, Hopi Tribe of Shungapavi, AZ

CHAPTER 9: TOCABE, Co-Owners, Matt Chandra and Ben Jacobs (Osage), American Indian Community Philanthropists

CHAPTER 10: Rick Waters, Kiowa/Cherokee, American Indian Community Advocate

CHAPTER 11: Richard B. Williams, Oglala/Cheyenne, Writer and Community Activist

CHAPTER 12: Lucille Echohawk, Pawnee, Youth and American Indian Child Welfare


CHAPTER 13: Duane Bird Bear, Jr., Mandan-Hidatsa/Diné, Physics Professor

CHAPTER 14: Karen Wilde, Inspires, Educates and Motivates Others at Highest Levels of Federal, State and Tribal Governments to Accomplish Social Change

CHAPTER 15: Dr. Aspen Lakota Rendon, Lakota Educator, Community Organizer, Cultural Advocate

CHAPTER 16: Donna Chrisjohn, Sicangu Lakota/Diné, American Indian Educator

CHAPTER 17: Bessie and Betina Smith, Diné (Navajo), Owners of Dzabahe Jewelry

CHAPTER 18: Non-Profits Serving American Indian Communities

CHAPTER 19: Native American Bank